The environmental factors that affect health, as identified in the theory, are: If any of these areas is lacking, the patient may experience diminished health. A nurse's role in a patient's recovery is to alter the environment in order to gradually create the optimal conditions for the patient's body to heal itself.
They are defined in relationship to their environment and the impact of the environment upon them. Environment The physical environment is stressed by Nightingale in her writing.
She believed that nursing should provide care to the healthy as well as the ill and discussed health promotion as an activity in which nurses should engage. Once insure that the air is stagnant and sickness is certain to follow.
The importance of room temperature was also stressed by Nightingale. The patient should not be too warm or too cold. The temperature could be controlled by appropriate balance between burning fires and ventilation from windows. Light Nightingale believed that second to fresh air, the sick needed light.
She noted that direct sunlight was what patients wanted. Noise She stated that patients should never be waked intentionally or accidentally during the first part of sleep.
She asserted that whispered or long conversations about patients are thoughtless and cruel. She viewed unnecessary noise, including noise from female dress, as cruel and irritating to the patient.
Variety She discussed the need for changes in color and form, including bringing the patient brightly colored flowers or plants. She also advocated rotating 10 or 12 paintings and engravings each day, week, or month to provide variety for the patient.
Nightingale also advocated reading, needlework, writing, and cleaning as activities to relieve the sick of boredom. This organic matter enters the sheets and stays there unless the bedding is changed and aired frequently.
She believed that the bed should be placed in the lightest part of the room and placed so the patient could see out of a window. She also reminded the caregiver never to lean against, sit upon, or unnecessarily shake the bed of the patient.
She urged that no business be done with patients while they are eating because this was distraction. She encouraged the nurse to heed what is being said by visitors, believing that sick persons should hear good news that would assist them in becoming healthier.
Social Considerations Nightingale supported the importance of looking beyond the individual to the social environment in which he or she lived. And when epidemic disease shows itself, persons using such water are almost sure to suffer.
Conclusion The Environmental Theory of Nursing is a patient-care theory.
Caring for the patient is of more importance rather than the nursing process, the relationship between patient and nurse, or the individual nurse. In this way, the model must be adapted to fit the needs of individual patients.
The environmental factors affect different patients unique to their situations and illnesses, and the nurse must address these factors on a case-by-case basis in order to make sure the factors are altered in a way that best cares for an individual patient and his or her needs.
Human Health and Function, Ruth F. Craven and Constance J.Introduction to Sociology. Concerts, sports games, and political rallies can have very large crowds. When you attend one of these events, you may know only the people you came with. The Application of Florence Nightingale’s Environmental Theory NUR Chamberlain School of Nursing Application of Florence Nightingale’s Environmental Theory Introduction The environment theory of nursing is a patient-care theory.
The delivery of patient centered care is . HISTORY AND THEORY OF FEMINISM The term feminism can be used to describe a political, cultural or economic movement aimed at establishing equal rights and legal protection for women. Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years.
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Environmental Theory by Florence Nightingale General Objective: To be able to understand and recognize the relevance of the environmental theory in the nursing science and nursing practice.
Specific Objectives: 1. To be able to gain insight about the history of Ms. Florence Nightingale 2. To be able.
for he hath done marvelous things: his right hand, and his holy arm, hath gotten him the victory.